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问题标题: 英语问题 已解答 年级: 初中三年级
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回答教师: 于老师 解答时间:2017-10-10 10:43 提问人:exoshashouchen
问题内容:  

Should Children Be Allowed to Get Bored

Children need time to stand and stareThey should be allowed to get bored so that they can develop their ability to be creative

Children are expected by their parents to be reading a textbook all the timeHoweverresearch shows that it may hamper the development of their imaginationwhile boredom can give them opportunities to develop creativity

Boredom is often linked with lonelinessbut a writer named Meera Syal said boredom had helped here in developing her mindShe told researchers about her childhoodHaving few things to doSyal often talked with her neighborsShe also tried to do things like learning to bake cakes"But importantlyI thought and wrote a lotbecause I was bored"Syal saidShe kept a diaryfilling here time with short stories and poems she made up

Grayson Perryan artistgrew up in a family with little moneyHe enjoyed himself by making up storiesdrawing pictures for his stories and reading many books in the libraryBored but freehe spent hours looking out of the windowwatching the changing clouds and seasonsPerry filled up his free time with what he likedHe became creativebecause he could think freely

DrBelton is an expert on the effects of emotions on learning"Boredom could be an uncomfortable feeling"she said"But some young people cannot deal with that boredom creativelySo sometimes they may break a classroom windowor drive a car out for a mad race"

Usuallywhen children have nothing to dothey would turn on the TVthe computeror the phoneTheir time on these things has increasedyet they need to have time to think about their experiences through play or just watching the world around them

It is this kind of thinking that can inspire the imaginationOn the other handthe TV or phone may cut short the thinking processThat can be harmful to the development of creativity"For developing the ability to be creative"DrBelton advised"perhaps we need to stand and stareand stay offline from time to time"

 

53What does the word"hamper"in Paragraph 2probably mean  

ASlow down

BKeep up with

CGo beyond

DGive rise to

54The writer talks about Syal and Perry to  

Astress the great differences between them

Bintroduce a popular writer and a famous artist

Csuggest good ways of going through boredom

Dshow effects of boredom on developing creativity

55What can we learn from the passage  

ABoredom provides children with space to think freely

BIt's much better for children to be busy than be bored

CBoredom helps children deal with difficulties properly

DIt's boring for children to think about their experiences

 


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答案内容:  

同学你好!解析:

应该允许孩子无聊吗?

    孩子需要时间发呆放空,他们应该被允许感到无聊,那样他们才可以发展创造力.父母期望孩子一直读教科书,然而研究表明,它会妨碍孩子想象力的发展,而无聊可以给他们发展创造力的机会.

    无聊常与孤独有关,但是一个叫Meera Syal的作家说,无聊对发展她的思想有帮助.她告诉研究者们,她的孩提时代几乎无事可做,她经常与邻居聊天.她也试图去做一些事情,像烤蛋糕."但是重要地是,我想了很多,写了很多,因为我很无聊."Syal说.她坚持写日记,用短故事和诗来打发时间.

    GraysonPerry,一名艺术家,在一个贫穷家庭长大.他通过编故事、为他的故事配图、在图书馆里看书来愉悦自己.无聊但很空闲,他花几个小时眺望窗外,看云彩的变化和季节的变换.Perry用他喜欢的事情来填满他的空闲时间,他变得有创造力,因为他可以自由地思考.

    Belton博士是一个研究情感对学习的影响的专家."无聊可能是一种不舒服的感受,"她说,"但是一些年轻人不能创造性地处理那种无聊."所以有时他们会砸坏教室的窗子或者开快车来发泄.

    通常,当孩子们没有事可做时,他们会打开电视、电脑或打电话,他们花费在这些事情上的时间增加了,但他们仍需要时间通过玩或者观察周围的世界来考虑他们的感受.

    这就是那种可以激发他们想象力的思考.另一方面,电视或电话可能会短暂地打断这个思考过程,那对他们创造力的发展会有害."为了发展创造力,"Belton博士说,"或许我们需要发呆放空,并且不时地远离网络."

【解答】53A 词义猜测题.根据research shows that it may hamper the development of their imaginationwhileboredom can give them opportunities to develop creativity.可以进行词义猜测,while(然而),表示同一方面两个不同事物的对比,存在相反的情况,根据while boredom can givethem opportunities to develop creativity(然而无聊可以给他们开发创造力的机会),可知是就"无聊的影响"这一方面来说的,而且后面说到的是好的影响,可以推测前面说到的是相反的情况﹣﹣不好的影响.BCD选项都有积极的含义,BKeepup with,和并驾齐驱;CGobeyond.超越;DGive rise to.提升,唯有A选项slowdown"减慢"的意思,有负面的影响,意为"妨碍;牵制,减慢".故答案为A

54D 推理判断题.根据原文"…Meera Syal said boredom hadhelped her in developing her mind""He became creativebecause he could think freely"可知作者谈论这两个人是为了表明无聊在发展创造力方面的影响,故选D

55A 主旨大意题.本文主要是说,无聊给孩子提供了自由思考的空间,故选A

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